CRE blitz their way to hold top spot in Media Pool

first_imgClosing off rounds 3, 4 and 5 last Saturday, CRE took easy points forfeiting both Telinet and Post-Courier 7 frames to 0 and then made light work of Peoples Notice Board 6 – 1.However the real big movers and shakers on the weekend were Patrons led by old hands Willie Walimu and Colin Taimbari.Willie ‘the Olympian’ once again led from the front as his team of under-dogs upset Teksol Keleone 4-3, punished Vemps Media 5-2 and then smacked big names NIIB Lamana 4-3.Last year’s minor premier North Mirror led by their core team of captain Lasark Joseph and senior players Chollai Chauka, Charlie Lainda and Alice Mai also made headway thrashing Pacific MMI 7-0, thumping Poi-Nangu 6-1 and brushing off Parliament 5-2.The match of the day between Dataco Pebbles and defending champions Cool Grafix did live up to expectations going down to the wire with the premiers coming from behind to pip Pebbles 4-3.Papuan Blacks who have grown from strength to strength also had a good outing pumping Education Media 5-2 and then going down to a superior Keleone side in a close one 4-3 before coming back to haunt Vemps 6-1.Auditor General have also made serious progress by halting Crime Stoppers 6-1, brushing aside Pebbles 5-2 before going down to Cool Grafix 4-3.Tournament director Ephraim Kara has raised concern about certain teams giving away points on forfeits saying the MPC executives will make a decision shortly on which teams should continue in the competition.“The competition has progressed very well except for a few forfeits but that is been noted by the executives and decisions will be made on whether these teams should continue in the competition or not moving forward,” he added.The top 12 teams of the MPC ladder after round 5 – CRE (10 points), NIIB Lamana (8), Auditor General (8), Patrons (8), Pebbles (6), NEM (6), Keleone (6), Parliament (6), Papuan Blacks (6), Poi Nangu (6), Cool Grafix (6) and City Hall (4).last_img read more

Another batting meltdown by WI against Pakistan in T20 International series

first_imgDUBAI, United Arab Emirates (CMC):West Indies suffered their second batting meltdown in the space of 48 hours as they slumped to a 16-run defeat to Pakistan in the second Twenty20 International here on Saturday night to meekly surrender the three-match series.Asked to chase 161 for victory at the Dubai International Stadium, the Caribbean side looked anything but reigning World champions as they inexplicably collapsed to 144 for nine off their 20 overs to suffer their second straight loss of the series following a similar disappointing outing on Friday.Sunil Narine saved some face for the Windies with a cameo top score of 30 off 17 deliveries batting at number nine, while Andre Fletcher chipped in with 29 – a pedestrian knock that required 37 balls – and fell far short of what was required.West Indies were ripped apart by left-arm seamer Sohail Tanvir, who snapped up three for 13 in a brilliant four-over spell and was supported by rookie speedster Hasan Ali, who finished with three for 49.UNBEATENCaptain Sarfraz Ahmed had earlier guided Pakistan up to a challenging 160 for four off their 20 overs when he top-scored with a Man-of-the-Match unbeaten 46 off 32 deliveries.Sent in, Pakistan also benefited from opener Khalid Latif’s knock of 40 off 36 balls and the experienced right-hander Shoaib Malik’s invaluable 37 off 28 balls.Sharjeel Khan fell cheaply for two at four for one in the third over when he dragged on to leg-spinner Samuel Badree, but two half-century stands then repaired the innings and propelled the hosts to the highest-ever total at the ground.Latif struck three fours and a six as he added 54 for the second wicket with Babar Azam, who scored 19, while Sarfraz and Shoaib combined in a 69-ru, fourth wicket partnership which took the game away from West Indies.Sarfraz produced a controlled innings, striking five fours and running sensibly between the wickets with Shoaib, who counted three boundaries and a six before holing out in the deep in the final over.Any hopes West Indies had of rediscovering their World Cup-winning form were quickly dashed as they slumped to 19 for three in the sixth over, with Sohail picking up two of the wickets to fall.Johnson Charles (10) picked out Umar Akmal at long on off left-arm spinner Imad Wasim – with the score on 12 – in the third over and Evin Lewis was taken at slip by Sharjeel for three, edging a booming back-foot drive at Sohail in the following over with just three runs added.When Marlon Samuels nicked Sohail behind to depart for one in the sixth over, West Indies were floundering.Fletcher then anchored two stands, adding 26 for the fourth wicket with Dwayne Bravo (18) and a further 37 for the fifth wicket with Kieron Pollard (18). Neither stand proved threatening, however, as none of the three players was afforded the freedom to score quickly.Collapsing at 89 for seven in the 16th, Narine energised the innings by belting four fours and a six, posting 30 for the eighth wicket with captain Carlos Brathwaite (8) and 25 for the ninth wicket with Jerome Taylor (10 not out).But once Brathwaite deposited Hasan Ali into Umar Akmal’s lap at long on at the start of the 19th over with 42 runs still required, any remaining hope disappeared.The third and final game is set for Abu Dhabi tomorrow.SCOREBOARDPAKISTANSharjeel Khan b Badree 2Khalid Latif run out 40Babar Azam c Pollard b Brathwaite 19Shoaib Malik c Pollard b Bravo 37*+Sarfraz Ahmed not out 46Umar Akmal not out 1Extras (lb10, w5) 15TOTAL (4 wkts, 20 overs) 160Did not bat: Mohammad Nawaz, Imad Wasim, Wahab Riaz, Sohail Tanvir, Hasan Ali.Fall of wickets: 1-4 (Sharjeel Khan, 2.2 overs), 2-58 (Babar Azam, 8.1), 3-85 (Khalid Latif, 11.4), 4-154 (Shoaib Malik, 19.2)Bowling: Badree 4-0-24-1 (w1), Taylor 4-0-28-0 (w2), Narine 4-0-36-0 (w1), DJ Bravo 4-0-38-1 (w1), Brathwaite 4-0-24-1.WEST INDIESJ Charles c Umar Akmal b Imad Wasim 10E Lewis c Sharjeel Khan b Sohail Tanvir 3+A Fletcher b Hasan Ali 29M Samuels c wkp Sarfraz Ahmed b Sohail Tanvir 1DJ Bravo b Mohammad Nawaz 18K Pollard c wkp Sarfraz Ahmed b Hasan Ali 18*C Brathwaite c Umar Akmal b Hasan Ali 8N Pooran c Mohammad Nawaz b Sohail Tanvir 4S Narine c Umar Akmal b Wahab Riaz 30J Taylor not out 10Extras (w7, nb6) 13TOTAL (9 wkts, 20 overs) 144Did not bat: S Badree.Fall of wickets: 1-12 (Charles, 2.3 overs), 2-15 (Lewis, 3.4), 3-19 (Samuels, 5.3), 4-45 (Bravo, 10), 5-82 (Fletcher, 14.2), 6-83 (Pollard, 14.5), 7-89 (Pooran, 16), 8-119 (Brathwaite, 18.2), 9-144 (Narine, 20)Bowling: Imad Wasim 4-0-18-1, Sohail Tanvir 4-0-13-3 (w1), Mohammad Nawaz 3-0-19-1, Shoaib Malik 1-0-3-0, Hasan Ali 4-0-49-3 (w2), Wahab Riaz 4-0-42-1 (w4, nb2).Result: Pakistan won by 16 runs.Series: Pakistan lead three-match series 2-0.Man-of-the-Match: Safraz Ahmed.Toss: West Indies.Umpires: Ahmed Shahab, Shozab Raza; TV – Ahsan Raza.last_img read more

Eco flips oil licence months after receiving concession

first_img…as French oil giant snaps up majority sharesFrench firm Total E&P Activities Petrolieres is the latest foreign oil company to convert its interest in Guyana’s blooming oil resources into action. The company has signed an agreement with a shareholder in Guyana’s Orinduik Block that is likely to see it establishing a foothold locally.Natural Resources Minister Raphael TrotmanRecent reports had indicated that the Orinduik Block, which is just a few kilometres from Exxon’s discoveries in the Liza and Payara fields, had the potential to produce as much as 1.8 billion barrels of oil. A recent seismic survey was commissioned by majority shareholder Tullow and Eco Atlantic.The A Partnership for National Unity/Alliance For Change (APNU/AFC) Government in fact handed out petroleum blocks to operators Tullow and Eco when it took office.That Petroleum Prospecting Licence and Production Sharing Agreement with the joint venture team of Tullow Guyana BV and Eco (Atlantic) Guyana Inc for a concession of 1801 square kilometres in the Orinduik Block offshore Guyana which was issued in January 2016.Map showing the Orinduik BlockHowever, months later, Eco sold 25 per cent of its 40 per cent shares.According to Eco Atlantic (Guyana) on Tuesday, the French company signed an option agreement that allows it to buy a 25 per cent working interest. This would make Total a major player in the Block, as Tullow owns 60 per cent and Eco, 40.“Pursuant to the Option Agreement, Total will make an immediate payment of US$1 million for the option at its sole discretion, to Farm-in to the Orinduik Block for an additional payment in cash of US$12.5 million to earn the 25 per cent Working Interest,” the company said on Tuesday.The exercise of the option must be made within 120 days of completion of processing of the 3D seismic survey, the company said, adding that the Seismic Data Report was completed on September 5 and processing is expected to take two to three months. It also noted that the option fee is repayable in the unlikely event that the Seismic Data Report is not provided to Total by June 1, 2019.According to Eco, once the transaction has been completed and has received all regulatory approvals, Total will be a 25 per cent shareholder in the enterprise, while Eco will have reduced its standing to 15 per cent. Tullow, the operator, will retain its 60 per cent share.“In the event that the option is exercised, each party will pay its pro-rata working interest from that date forward. With exploratory wells offshore Guyana expected to cost circa US$35 million, Eco’s participating interest is anticipated to be approximately US$5.25 million per well.”“It is, therefore, projected that this transaction, if fully executed, will thus provide adequate funding to meet Eco’s share of the costs to drill at least two wells on the Orinduik Block as well as recover the costs of the expanded 3D seismic survey.”In a statement on the deal, Eco Atlantic President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Gil Holzman stated that the deal validated both the potential of the Orinduik Block, but it also validated Eco’s long-term strategy – to identify highly likely prospect assets, arrange favourable Petroleum Agreement terms and partner with world-class companies.“In the event that the option is exercised by Total, the deal proceeds will recoup all our expenses on the expanded 3D programme and fund us for drilling a minimum of two wells based on current well costs,” Holzman said.“We have approximately US$4 million in cash currently and once the option is exercised, Eco will be in a very strong position to be fully funded through the next few years which is expected to include several drill programmes. This deal is also expected to introduce into Guyana yet another significant global player and we look forward to working with Total (and) Tullow in the years to come.”The lesser known Orinduik oil block has been under the administration of Eco Guyana and Tullow, after they signed a 10-year Petroleum Prospecting Licence and Production Sharing Agreement with Government last year.last_img read more

Latent Heat sticks neck out in victory

first_img“Every time I asked my horse to pick it up a little,” Prado said, “he gave me a little more. Both horses fought very hard, and I knew if I was going to get beat, it was going to be the bob of the head.” Latent Heat has won 6 of 10 career races and finished out of the money only once. That poor performance came last October, when he ran ninth behind Midnight Lute over the Polytrack surface at Keeneland in Kentucky. Santa Anita’s leading jockey, Garret Gomez, rode the first race on Saturday’s program but took off his remaining mounts after telling the stewards that he felt ill. Jockey Corey Nakatani also opted off his mounts, complaining of a sore calf muscle. With the defection of Proud Tower Too from this afternoon’s $125,000 Sensational Star Handicap for California-breds, the 61/2-furlong turf race down the hill is wide open. ARCADIA – Proud Tower Too and Latent Heat had won the Grade I Malibu Stakes, a seven-furlong dash for 3-year-olds, in 2005 and 2006. So it was no surprise when they hooked up immediately out of the gate in Saturday’s $150,000 San Carlos Handicap. The pair battled head and head for the entire seven furlongs in a virtual match race, sizzling through fractions of 22.53, 44.54 and 1:08.11 en route to a final time of 1:21.11. Areyoutalkintome, seventh behind Smokey Stover in the Sunshine Millions Sprint last month, will make a rare appearance on the grass. In 42 lifetime races, the 6-year-old gelding has tried the lawn only twice. Also lining up for the Sensational Star: Red Warrior, Bedlam Bertie, Seminole Native, Buck Tuddy Buck, Debonair Joe and Epic Power. Boboman, a disappointing last as the 6-5 favorite in the San Marcos Stakes on grass last month, might try his luck in the $1 million Santa Anita Handicap on March 3. “He had a simple throat procedure, a myectomy (after his last race),” trainer Richard Mandella said. “But he recently worked six furlongs in 1:13 4-5 (at Hollywood Park over Cushion Track) and he’s really doing well right now, so the Big ‘Cap is under consideration.” 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!center_img In the end, it was Latent Heat, the even-money favorite ridden by 2006 Eclipse Award-winning jockey Edgar Prado, who prevailed by a neck over Proud Tower Too and jockey David Cohen. Ramsgate and Northern Soldier rallied late for third and fourth, respectively. last_img read more

Snowfall warning issued for the South Peace and Grande Prairie

first_imgSnowfall warnings are issued when 10 cm or more of snow is expected to fall within 12 hours.Be prepared to adjust your driving with changing road conditions. Visibility may be suddenly reduced at times in heavy snow.Environment Canada meteorologists will update alerts as required. Please continue to monitor your local media or Weatheradio for further updates. If you would like to report severe weather, you can call 1-800-239-0484 or send an email to storm@ec.gc.ca or tweet reports to #ABStorm. Below are the warnings for the South Peace and Grande Prairie.Warnings3:57 AM PST Saturday 10 January 2015Snowfall warning in effect for:B.C. South Peace RiverSnowfall, with total amounts of 10 to 15 cm is expected.- Advertisement -A trough of low pressure over northern BC is giving snow to the Southern BC Peace region this morning. Total snowfall accumulations up to 15 centimetres can be expected near Dawson’s Creek before the snow eases near noon.Be prepared to adjust your driving with changing road conditions. Rapidly accumulating snow could make travel difficult over some locations.Snowfall Warnings are issued when significant snowfall is expected.Advertisement Environment Canada meteorologists will update alerts as required. Please monitor local media or Weatheradio. Email reports of severe weather to pacificstorm@ec.gc.ca or tweet with the hashtag #BCStorm.Warnings4:33 AM MST Saturday 10 January 2015Snowfall warning in effect for:Co. of Grande Prairie near Beaverlodge Hythe and DemmittCo. of Grande Prairie near Grande Prairie and WembleyCo. of Grande Prairie near Sexsmith and La GlaceM.D. of Greenview near DeBoltM.D. of Greenview near Little SmokyM.D. of Greenview near O’Brien Prov. Park and Big Mtn CreekM.D. of Greenview near Sturgeon LakeM.D. of Greenview near Valleyview and New Fish CreekM.D. of Greenview near Wapiti and Shuttler Flats Rec. AreaSnowfall, with total amounts of 10 to 15 cm continues.Heavy snow will taper off by this evening. The heaviest snow is expected to occur along a narrow band. Some communities may only receive 5 cm of snow whereas others could receive as much as 15 cm.Advertisementlast_img read more

From Allegri to Benevento: Tops and flops in 2017/18 Serie A

first_img– Tops –Massimiliano AllegriThe 50-year-old Juventus coach once again proved to be the master strategist despite criticism for orchestrating a style of play deemed less attractive and exciting than rivals Napoli.Allegri nevertheless kept one step ahead of his rivals with a chameleon side which he changed 37 times in 38 games to fit their rivals.In addition to winning the psychological battle against Napoli, Juventus boasted the top defence with just 24 goals conceded, finishing with 95 points, second only to Antonio Conte’s 102 with the Turin side in 2014.Allegri has won the league and Cup double in each of his four seasons with the Turin giants becoming the first coach in Europe’s top five leagues to do so.Ciro Immobile, Mauro IcardiLazio’s Immobile and Inter’s Icardi finished the season as joint top Serie A scorers with 29 goals.In the midst of the gloom surrounding Italian football after their failure to qualify for the World Cup, Immobile enjoyed a period of renaissance with the Roman side.The 27-year-old followed up his excellent 2016-17 season with 29 goals from 33 games, despite a right thigh injury seeing him miss much of the end of the season.Inter captain Icardi was similarly hampered, by a knee injury from January, but accounted for nearly half of his side’s 66 goals, and on Sunday claimed his 100th for Inter as he helped them to snatch the final Champions League berth at the expense of Lazio in the Stadio Olimpico.Gonzalo HiguainThe 31-year-old Argentina forward proved a star performer for Juventus despite facing criticism during a lean period without scoring.The former Real Madrid player arrived for a club-record 90 million euros from Napoli two years ago, and has scored 55 goals in two seasons.His 16 in Serie A this season included the winner in the last-gasp 3-2 win against Inter Milan which proved the hammer blow to Napoli’s title ambitions.Maurizio SarriChain-smoking coach Sarri came close to leading Napoli to a third Serie A title after 1987 and 1990 but in the end lost the psychological match with Juventus.After beating Genoa in mid-March, Sarri said: “If it were down to me, I’d go all the way to the Palace and take power.” The Palace, as he saw it, was the Allianz Stadium in Turin. And Napoli successfully stormed it in April with their first win at Juventus in nearly a decade.It was to be the high point of the title challenge as Napoli failed to win their following two games and, despite amassing a club-record 91 points, Sarri’s future at the San Paolo Stadium is now in doubt amid criticism his starting 11 had become too predictable.Napoli finished runners-up for the second time in Sarri’s three seasons.– Flops –Andre Silva, Nikola KalinicAC Milan front men Silva and Kalinic both proved expensive flops after arriving as part of the club’s 200 million euro transfer splurge last summer, fuelled by their new Chinese owners.Portuguese international Silva, 22, joined from FC Porto for 38 million euros plus bonuses, but scored just two goals.Croatian international Kalinic, 30, arrived from Fiorentina for 25 million euros but could only muster six goals in 30 appearances, including one in Sunday’s final game against Fiorentina.BeneventoBenevento’s miracle promotion to Serie A last year quickly turned to a nightmare for the minnows from outside Naples.They made history by becoming the first European team to lose 14 league games in a row before claiming a first point in a 2-2 draw with AC Milan in December when their goalkeeper scored in injury time.The club were relegated with four games to spare.0Shares0000(Visited 2 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Juventus coach Massimiliano Allegri celebrates with the Serie A championship trophy at the weekend © AFP / Andreas SOLAROMILAN, Italy, May 21 – The 2017/18 Italian Serie A season finished on Sunday with Juventus crowned champions for the seventh straight year and 34th time in their history.AFP Sport looks at the tops and flops of the league campaign in Italy:last_img read more

GAA: SCHOOLS NOTES

first_imgIndoor Hurling/Camogie Competitions:All entries have now been received for these competitions. The competitions will be divided into four sections based on geographical location with the top team in each section qualifying for the county finals. Divisional reps will be in contact with the respective schools in their area to arrange their blitz. There is an Ulster Indoor competition for the county winners of the camogie competition. Children must be U-12 by 1st July 2013 to be eligible for these competitions so it will mainly be 5th class children that can participate.Football Fixtures: The fixtures for all the football competitions have now been drawn and can be viewed on the website- cumanndonegal.com. We have included a Roinn 6 this year due to the huge entry of schools in the 1-3 teacher category. Roinn 6 will be for 1-2 teacher schools. Schools are encouraged to arrange as many blitzes as they so wish with other schools in their section in order to allow the children as much playing time as possible.           GAA: SCHOOLS NOTES was last modified: November 19th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Schools noteslast_img read more

A’s discover that Angels’ offensive healing makes a big difference

first_imgANAHEIM — The Oakland A’s saw for themselves just how much deeper the Los Angeles Angels have become in their batting order since they last met three weeks ago.The A’s dropped the opener of the four-game series against the Angels on Thursday night, falling behind early in the 8-3 loss at Angel Stadium, and finding few answers against Griffin Canning in their third meeting in less than a month against the rookie right-hander.Four-time Gold Glove shortstop Andrelton Simmons returned to the …last_img read more

Hunger strike against HIV

first_imgActivist Criselda Kananda is on a month- long fast to raise awareness of HIV ahead of World Aids Day. (Image: Question Everything) MEDIA CONTACTS • Criselda Kananda JT Communication Solutions +27 11 788 7632/1 media@jtcomms.co.za RELATED ARTICLES • HIV/Aids in South Africa • Lennox sings for HIV/Aids • Loving life, fighting Aids • Preventing HIV with OneLoveNosimilo NdlovuSouth African media personality and social activist Criselda Kananda has begun a month-long fast to radically increase awareness of the HIV pandemic ahead of World Aids Day on 1 December 2009.The fast will last from 20 October to 20 November and will see Kananda drinking only water, and praying for two hours a day.Kananda has garnered a strong South African fan base for her motivational show on national radio station Metro FM, on Wednesday and Thursday evenings.HIV positive herself, Kananda was diagnosed in 1998 and has since worked to inspire South Africans in the same situation, showing them that despite the virus, a full and fulfilled life is possible.“I want to bring the ‘I’ back into HIV, because judging by the sexually transmitted infection statistics, the issue is not just about promiscuity but about losing the sense of personal power to a disease,” she said.According to the national Department of Health more than 4-million people receive treatment for STIs in South Africa every year. The strong association between HIV and other STIs is attributed to multiple sex partners, and not using condoms. The Department of Health is determined to decrease this number by educating people on the importance of using condoms to prevent infection and seeking treatment when infected.Through her radio show and her work as an inspirational speaker, Kananda calls on HIV-positive South Africans to overcome their fear of seeking help, being judged and condemned, stigmatised and discriminated against.Healthy and symptom-freeIn the decade since Kananda became an HIV activist, she has lived a healthy, symptom-free and positive life.She has made it a goal to learn and understand HIV better, studying immunity and Aids progression, and reading the available research on nutrition and behaviour. She has delved into psychoneuroimmunology, the study of the interaction between human psychology and the body’s immune system, and positive living.Over the years Kananda has gained respect from leaders such as President Jacob Zuma, who said “Criselda gives hope and encouragement to millions”, and former president Nelson Mandela, who described her as “the light for the world to see”.She has also been lauded for her work as strategic advisor for Zithande, the award-winning governmental HIV and Aids campaign.Zithande is based on the premise that individuals who love, care for and respect themselves pass on that positivity to others. “HIV has taught me that my health is my responsibility,” said Kananda.Unwavering dedicationThe activist left a successful career in sales and marketing, where she headed the direct marketing business unit of the South African Post Office, to become a wellness advocate.She has been invited as a speaker and presented papers at many conferences and meetings including a meeting of the Southern African Development Community health ministers on wellness.She started a radio talk show called Positive Talk in 2003 on local Johannesburg radio station Kaya FM. The show focuses on how HIV and Aids contribute to health, wellness and socioeconomic imbalances.Kananda now believes the time has come to dedicate all her efforts to powerful action, with the hope that it will prove to be a turning point for the disease.“I have now reached a point where I am asking for God’s intervention in putting a stop to the spread of HIV on World Aids Day on 1 December,” Kananda said. “I am calling upon South African believers from different denominations to join me as I call upon God’s intervention, because the number of people dying every month is not acceptable.“A promising face for HIVKananda said she strives to look good at all times as she believes that HIV has been given far too negative a face. “For most people being invisible is seen as the best way to cope with the HIV infection,” she said.She continues to provide hope by educating HIV-positive people on simple ways of living a positive life, encouraging them to adopt a holistic approach to wellness and to focus on a personal revolution.“To me this means looking after one’s body, mind and soul, being responsible for our own actions and choices. I believe that we need to restore dignity and moral ethics to African people if ever we are to win this human tragedy. And most importantly eradicate poverty and helplessness.”HIV epidemicSouth Africa has one of the fastest growing HIV epidemics in the world. According to the 2008 South African National HIV Prevalence, HIV Incidence, Behaviour and Communication Survey by the Human Sciences Research Council an estimated 5.2-million people were living with HIV and Aids in 2008. About 250 000 South Africans died of Aids-related illnesses in 2008.National prevalence is around 11%, with certain age groups being particularly vulnerable. An estimated one in three women between the ages of 25 and 29, and over 25% of men between the ages of 30 and 34, are HIV positive. In South Africa the main mode of HIV transmission is between heterosexual couples, with infection between mother and child being the other main infection route.last_img read more

The difficulty in legally applying dicamba: Weather factors

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Labels for the dicamba products approved for use on Xtend soybeans, Engenia, FeXapan, and XtendiMax, were recently revised, and are now generally more restrictive in an effort to prevent some of the problems with off target injury that occurred in 2017.  Whether these additional restrictions do much to prevent volatility is doubtful, but this aside, one of the problems with labels this restrictive is the difficulty in even finding enough time to make legal applications.  It can be an interesting exercise to review past weather conditions with the goal of determining legal windows of application, taking these restrictions into account.  Weed scientists at Purdue University conducted this type of analysis for west central Indiana for June 2017, and came up with a total of 48 hours when it would have been legal to apply (hours of dawn to dusk, wind speeds between 3 and 10 mph).We conducted a similar analysis, used weather information for June of 2017 at the Dayton International Airport.  Assumptions in determining the legally sprayable hours for the month:   30 days, 6 am to 7 pm, wind 3 to 10 mph.  Days with rain were considered to have no sprayable hours, along with those when rain occurred the next day, since it’s not legal to apply if rain is in the 24-hr forecast.  We did not take inversions into account since it could not be determined whether these occurred from the weather data, but we did some additional calculations just to show what happens if hours when temperature was above 85 were omitted (when spray droplet evaporation and volatility would be more likely).  We also ignored the fact that maximum wind and wind gusts exceeded the hourly weather observations on almost all days, and this could further restrict applicators, depending upon how often they measured wind speed.  The spreadsheet with all of these figures is shown below.  Here’s how it shook• There was a total of 390 possible hours to apply, assuming that applicators are willing to work 13 hours a day every day of the month.  Taking into account the wind speed and rain forecast, there was a total of 77 hours when it would have been legal to apply the dicamba products.  Omitting any of these hours when temperature exceeded 85, number of sprayable hours declined to 70.• Disregarding the 85-degree limit, there was a total of 12 days with at least 2 legally sprayable hours, but only 8 days with more than 3 sprayable hours.• Days with legally sprayable hours were not evenly distributed throughout the month.  The second half of June was fairly windy apparently.  There were 9 days with at least 2 sprayable hours between June 1 and 16, but only three days between June 17 and the end of the month.  And there was a total of only 11 sprayable hours in those three days after June 17.• We ran some some rough calculations on how much ground can be covered by an applicator running a 100 ft boom at 15 mph relative to the legally sprayable hours. An applicator running at 15 mph with a 100 ft boom can in theory cover 181.8 acres per hour, which we rounded to 170 acres per hour factoring in some load and transport time (readers probably have a much better idea of the actual feasible number here then we do).  So an applicator could possibly apply dicamba to about 13,000 acres in those 77 hours of legal spray time.  But in the second half of June when there were only 11 hours, the applicator could cover only 1870 acres.• The weather data can be mined for a couple of other interesting pieces of information.  First, in following the dicamba labels, it’s important to determine to which fields dicamba can be applied on a given day based on wind direction and the location of sensitive crops or areas.  The weather information from Dayton indicate that wind direction is frequently quite variable throughout the day, which makes this determination more complicated.  Looking at the 12 days with sprayable hours, the wind directon had variability of 90 degrees or less on 8 days, and more than this on the rest.  Assuming that the wind remained low enough to apply during a day, one would still have to continually assess what sensitive areas might be downwind based on changing wind direction.• One can also determine for those days with legally sprayable hours, whether the primary wind directions remain relatively unchanged over the next two days following application.  This can be important if the one assumes that dicamba could revolatilize over those following two days and move with prevailing winds.  In this case, for only 5 of the 12 days with sprayable hours did wind direction remain relatively the same over the following two days.  So for the other 7 days, if some revolatilization did occur subsequent to application, and the wind direction changed, the potential exists to injure crops that were not actually downwind from the treated field on the day of application.It’s probably possible to quibble with some of these figures depending upon what parameters for day length are used, etc, and what location is used for weather information.  But this does not negate the overall message — managing dicamba applications will be complicated. Just some food for thought as we move into another year of weed killing.last_img read more