Jennifer Ellison-Brown: The concepts of fitness

first_img Exercise refers to a subset of physical activity – planned, structured, repetitive movement of the body designed specifically to improve one’s health and to maintain physical fitness. Fitness depends on such physiological factors as the heart’s ability to pump blood and the size of muscle fibres. Only exercise will significantly improve fitness. The World Health Organization recommends that individuals include a moderate amount of exercise on most, preferably all, days of the week (Fit and Well, 6th Edition 2005). Exercise increases your social well-being, especially if it’s in the form of a sport. – Boosts confidence. – Helps you cope better with difficult people and situation. – You will meet people, make good friends. – Develops team work and cooperation. Mental benefits Physical fitness is the ability of the body to carry out everyday activities without excessive fatigue and with enough energy remaining for other tasks. This means that as well as performing our normal daily tasks, we can also perform additional physical activities, including sports. Being fit is central to our health and sense of well-being. If we are healthy and fit, then the physical, mental, and social aspects of our lives are working well. Fitness is critical to success in sports. Physical fitness consists of health-related fitness and sports performance-related fitness. Exercise helps you to look good and feel good. – It burns up stored body fat, so your shape improves. – Gives superb muscle tone. – Strengthens back and abdomen. – Strengthens bones. – Keeps joints flexible to encourage efficiency. – Strengthens heart and lungs, so you won’t get tired easily. – It helps to prevent heart disease, high blood pressure, back pain, cancer. – Slows the ageing process. This is the level of physical fitness necessary for the demands of regular sporting activity. We may be fit from a health-related perspective but not be fit for sports. Each sport activity makes its own particular demands on the body. To be successful in sports, it is important to have health-related fitness and also to be as fit as possible in the performance-related components below. – Explosive strength (power) – the ability to combine speed and force in one explosive act. – Speed – the ability to move all or parts of the body as quickly as possible. – Agility – the ability to change direction of the body at speed. – Coordination – the ability to carry out a series of movements smoothly and efficiently in response to your senses. – Balance – the ability to maintain equilibrium when stationary or moving. – Reaction time – the ability to respond to a stimulus quickly. – Timing – the ability to coincide movement in relation to external factors (to act at the right moment). Social benefits Definition of fitnesscenter_img Physical benefits In order to have good health, we should eat sensibly, engage in regular physical activity, get the required rest and sleep, limit alcohol intake, resist smoking and other social drugs, and improve our ability to cope with stress. It is important to adapt a healthy lifestyle for us to maintain our health. The following health-related fitness components are important for the human body to work efficiently: – Cardiovascular endurance – the ability of the circulatory and respiratory systems to supply fuel and oxygen to the muscles. – Muscular strength – the ability to exert an external force or to lift a heavy weight. – Muscular endurance – the ability of the muscles to repeatedly exert themselves. – Flexibility – having a wide range of motion in the joints. – Body composition – having the relative percentage of muscle, fat, bone, and other tissues of which the body is composed. – The ability to cope with stress. Health-related fitness Benefits of exercise Performance-related fitness Exercise helps your mental well-being, too. – It is stimulating and enjoyable. – It relieves tension and stress, which can cause high blood pressure and heart disease. – Relieves aggression. – Relieves boredom and provides a challenge. – It helps you sleep better, so you feel more rested. – Boosts self-esteem. All these benefits mean that exercise helps you to meet the demands of your environment more easily. In other words, it makes you fitter. You can work harder, feel less tired, and enjoy life more. The way to improve your fitness is through exercise. The more easily you are able to meet demands, the less likely you are to suffer stress, fall ill, or injure yourself.last_img read more

Yap’s clutch heroics lift Rain or Shine past Ginebra for tied series

first_imgVolcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award The Elasto Painters sent this clear message to their critics last night, gutting out a come-from-behind 109-100 win to level the semifinal clash with fan-favorite Barangay Ginebra in the PBA Commissioner’s Cup.Reggie Johnson and James Yap delivered the crucial jumpers at the crunch in a whirlwind finish that saw the Ginebra offensive machine conking out in the end.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone still willing to coach Gilas but admits decision won’t be ‘simple yes or no’Yap again summoned his MVP form, pumping in 18 points and capped by a long triple with less than a minute left that practically shut the door on the Gin Kings to gain a commanding 2-0 lead in their best-of-five series.“Everybody has written us off. Now it’s 1-1 and we have time to regroup,’’ said Johnson, highly efficient throughout with his team-high 25 points, 20 rebounds and eight assists. ‘High crimes and misdemeanors’: Trump impeachment trial begins LATEST STORIES In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ Putin’s, Xi’s ruler-for-life moves pose challenges to West “We’re a confident bunch. We’re down 0-1 at the start, but we didn’t panic,’’ added the burly Rain or Shine enforcer.Electing to take it from afar instead of piercing the Rain or Shine defense in the middle, successive misses by Joe De Vance, Jeff Chan and Justin Brownlee from the arc accelerated their defeat to the disappointment of the pro-Ginebra crowd at the Smart Araneta Coliseum.“All I can say is we played great defense in the last three minutes of the game,’’ said Rain or Shine coach Caloy Garcia.While the spotlight trained on Johnson and Yap for that awesome finishing kick, Garcia credited Rey Nambatac for doing a masterful job off the bench.The rookie from Letran buried back-to-back three-pointers midway in the fourth that ignited the Elasto Painters’ end-game onslaught.ADVERTISEMENT Report: Disney dropping the ‘Fox’ from movie studio names Trump assembles a made-for-TV impeachment defense team Don’t count out Rain or Shine yet.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Palace OKs total deployment ban on Kuwait OFWs Lacson: Calamity fund cut; where did P4 billion go? PBA affirms support for Gilas Pilipinas following Fiba ban Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew “He (Nambatac) provided the spark and changed the complexion of the game while James and Reggie hit those big shots,’’ said Garcia.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View commentslast_img read more

Ruimveldt man charged with narco trafficking

first_imgA West Ruimveldt man was on Wednesday slapped with a possession of narcotics for the purpose ofTrevor Hopkinsontrafficking charge when he appeared before Magistrate Leron Daly.Trevor Hopkinson, 29, pleaded not guilty to the charge when he appeared at the Georgetown Magistrates’ Courts.It is alleged that on August 5, 2016, at West Ruimveldt, Georgetown, he had in his possession 47.2 grams of cannabis for the purpose of trafficking.In a bail application, defence Attorney Ronald Daniels told the court that his client was at a shop in the area when the Police approached him and four other men and searched them for drugs. According to the lawyer, nothing was found on his client, but the Policemen began searching the immediate surroundings where they found the illegal substance. The lawyer told the court that the illegal substance could have belonged to anyone of the four men but instead his client was the only one charged.Hopkinson was released on $50,000 and will return on September 14.last_img read more

3 remanded for South Road double murder

first_img…woman charged for taking dead woman’s moneyOne week after they allegedly murdered two elderly women during the course of a robbery, three Albouystown men were arraigned before Chief Magistrate Ann McLennan at the Georgetown Magistrates’ Courts on Wednesday, charged jointly for the capital offence of murder.The alleged mastermind, Christopher Imran Khan, 25, along with Steven Andrews,Christopher Khan26, and Phillips Suffrie, 23, are accused of killing 87-year-old Constance Fraser and 75-year-old Phyllis Caesar between October 2 and 3, during the furtherance of a robbery.Although they were not required to plead, the trio maintained their innocence and contended in court that their constitutional rights were trampled upon. They claimed that they were not cautioned or made aware of their rights to a lawyer and were beaten by Police to secure confessions.The lifeless, bound and gagged bodies of the two elderly women were discovered on Tuesday last in their South Road, Georgetown home. A few days later, Andrew and Suffrie were among the four persons arrested after Police received informationSeeta Khanabout their potential involvement in the homicides.They reportedly confessed to the murder, but claimed that Khan was the mastermind. The alleged mastermind was subsequently nabbed in Pomeroon River, Region Two (Pomeroon-Supenaam), and taken to the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) Headquarters, where he allegedly made the confession, describing how the master plan unfolded and the gruesome details as to how the women met their demise. According to the alleged confession, the initial plan was to rob the elderly women. The men reportedly confessed that it all started whenSteven Andrews and Phillips SuffrieKhan went to the women’s house to do some works and upon realising that they lived alone, he conspired with his accomplices and hatched a plan to commit the robbery, just a few days prior to the execution.Khan and his accomplices climbed into the veranda where they opened one of the windows to gain entry into the house. The men allegedly confessed that Fraser and Caesar slept in separate bedrooms and as such, they entered the first bedroom waking the elderly woman and demanding that she surrender money and other valuables.The dazed woman sought to raise an alarm and the defendants allegedly responded by stuffing her mouth with pieces of cloth, choking her and killing her almost immediately. The men ensured that the second victim met her end in the same manner before ransacking the house for money and valuables.The men will make their next court appearance on October 26.Meanwhile, a sobbing Seeta Khan appeared before the court of Magistrate Fabayo Azore, charged for receiving stolen money from the prime suspect in the double homicide.The 36-year-old mother of three, who resides in Cooper Street, Albouystown, pleaded not guilty to the charge which detailed that between October 2 and October 3, 2017, she received $60,000 in cash from Christopher Imran Khan knowing same to be feloniously stolen property of Constance Fraser.Seeta Khan claimed she was taken on a shopping spree by the accused and was never in possession of the monies at no point in time.She was granted bail in the sum of $25,000 and ordered to return to court on October 25.last_img read more

Breaking News: ExxonMobil makes 11th and 12th oil discoveries offshore Guyana

first_imgDirector of Energy, Dr Mark Bynoe, this morning, announced that the Stabroek Block Operator ExxonMobil has made its 11th and 12th discoveries offshore Guyana at the Tilapia-1 and Haimara-1 wells in the southwest section of the Stabroek Block.The Tilapia-1 is the fourth discovery in the Turbot area that includes Turbot, Longtail and Pluma discoveries. Tilapia-1 encountered approximately 305 feet (93 metres) of high-quality oil-bearing sandstone reservoir and was drilled to a depth of 18,786 feet (5,726 metres) in 5,850 feet (1,783 metres) of water.  The well is located approximately 3.4 miles (5.5 kilometres) west of the Longtail-1 well, Dr. Bynoe disclosed.last_img read more

Confident Groves ready to defend titles

first_imgGeorge Groves says he is raring to go and in peak condition ahead of Saturday’s fight with Paul Smith.The unbeaten Hammersmith boxer will defend his British and Commonwealth super-middleweight titles against the Liverpudlian, who lost to Groves’ arch rival James DeGale last year.It will be Groves’ first fight since beating DeGale on points in May and a victory at Wembley Arena this weekend could pave the way for a world title shot in 2012.“All’s well. I just can’t wait now,” Groves told West London Sport.“Training’s been great and the weight’s good, which is always a bonus because otherwise you can get a bit cranky when you’re low on carbs and a bit dehydrated.“As the time gets closer you try not to think too much about the fight because you can get too excited. You’re like a kid at Christmas.“The fight is only a few days away now and I’m so looking forward to it. I’m ready to go.”Smith, 29, was British champion before being stopped in the ninth round of a one-sided fight against DeGale.Smith (left) has won 29 of his 31 fightsDespite being outclassed in that contest, Smith believes his aggressive style will be more suited to taking on Groves.But Groves, 23, insisted: “I know what he’ll do – he’s a come-forward fighter and will be well up for the fight – and I’ve got the answer to it.“It’d be great if he did try and box, because he’s not got the ability to do that.“You fight how you fight – and what he’s been doing in the gym these last few weeks isn’t going to change what he’s been doing for years.“You learn new things, but the core structure you have from a young age. I’ve always been able to fight on the front or back foot.“When things aren’t going well for Smith in there, he’ll get frustrated and revert to type – and his type is a brawler.“I know how to deal with that. I’ll let him walk forward and walk onto my shots, which he won’t be able to keep taking.” www.twitter.com/davidmcintyre76last_img read more

Neanderthal Ancestry Becomes More Convoluted

first_img(Visited 30 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Reports from a Spanish Cave are producing a welter of opinions about what evolved into whom, and when.Neanderthals evolved separately from modern humans over hundreds of thousands of years on different continents, but both evolved large brains independently and were able to interbreed.  That’s just a taste of unlikely opinions coming from the Sima de los Huesos (cave of the bones) in the Atapuerca Mountains in northern Spain, a pit that has yielded the biggest cache of hominin fossils to date.  Researchers claim the bones of some of the 28 individuals are 430,000 years old.  In the evolutionary story, that’s about the time Neanderthals were evolving as a separate line from the one that led to modern humans 200,000 years ago.  The paper by Arsuaga et al. in ScienceMagazine led to a variety of news headlines by puzzled reporters trying to be supportive:How to Build a Neanderthal (Perspective article in Science Magazine by Jean-Jaques Hublin)Fossils put a new face on the ancestors of Neanderthals (Ann Gibbons in Science Magazine Latest News)‘Pit of bones’ catches Neanderthal evolution in the act (Ewen Callaway in Nature)Ancient Skulls Reveal ‘Mixed’ Neanderthal-Like Lineage (Charles Q. Choi in Live Science)Bonanza of Skulls in ‘Pit of Bones’ Changes View of Neanderthals: A Spanish cave reveals that Neanderthal faces evolved ahead of their braincases (National Geographic)Neanderthals evolved their teeth before big brains (New Scientist)Skulls with mix of Neandertal and primitive traits illuminate human evolution (Science Daily)‘Game of Thrones’ scenario seen in Neandertal ancestors (PhysOrg)Some are saying the skull evidence shows that Neanderthal traits began in the face and teeth, and that their large brains and stocky bodies came later.  No one seems sure how to integrate the Spanish fossils with the Denisovan individuals farther east in Georgia.  Some invoke a  “Game of Thrones” scenario, in which separate houses rather than tribes competed for resources.  Since many of the bones are fragmented, some think the pit was where conquerors tossed bones of their victims.One thing is clear: Darwinian gradualism is dead.  Lead author J. Arsuaga is quoted on PhysOrg saying, “Human evolution was not a gradual and slow evolution of the whole population at the same rate across the continent.”  Despite the differences in some of the skulls, Arsuaga claims they are all members of the same species.  Then there is the issue that Denisovans, Neanderthals and modern humans all share DNA, limiting how strong the divisions in taxons can be made.  One paleoanthropologist not involved in the dig asked, “How do we deal with distinct evolutionary lineages that retain reproductive capabilities with other lineages?”  Maybe they represent natural variation within a single species; if so, dividing them with different names could imply evolutionary divergence when nothing of significance differed all that much.This is the tangled web they weave when they first begin to deceive, teaching that humans, with their unique minds and bodies, are mere glorified apes rising out of the darkness over millions of years.  The millions of years only make things worse, requiring their disciples to believe that fully-qualified, brainy adults who could migrate across continents could not dream of horseback riding, farming, or civilization for over 400,000 years.  Now, the convolutions in the story are multiplying with each new bone fragment.  Evolutionists’ stories do not hang together.  They should all hang separately.last_img read more

The everyday beauty of Soweto

first_imgThis article originally appeared on the frontpage of South Africa Now, a six-pagesupplement to the Washington Postproduced on behalf of Brand South Africa.(Click to enlarge.)South African photographer Jodi Bieber has a special ability to bring out the beauty in the ordinary, even the disfigured.The now-iconic and shocking early August Time magazine cover, featuring the mutilated face of 18-year-old Afghani girl Aisha, was brought to the world through Bieber’s lens. The photographer explains on the Time website that she wanted the portrait to show that Aisha was still beautiful, even though her nose and ears had been cut off at the Taliban’s behest.Bieber does something similar in the photographs in Soweto, her latest book. These are a compassionate but honest look at South Africa’s largest township, bringing out the subtle beauty of everyday life – children in the public swimming pool, a wedding entourage, a motorcycle club, a mother-and-daughter domestic scene powerfully emblematic of the old and new South Africa.These are not the first images that spring to mind when one thinks of Soweto. Yes, it is the birthplace of struggle heroes, the crucible of the 1976 students’ uprising and the scene of late 1980s anti-apartheid violence, but it is also a hub of diversity, culture, music and business, a place where people live normal lives.In her foreword Bieber talks of Sowetans’ friendliness, and her feeling of complete safety working there during the three-month project. But it made her sad, she says, that residents assumed she was a foreigner as the only whites who visit are tourists.Soweto by Jodi Bieber is published by Jacana with the support of the Goethe Institut.Download South Africa Now in PDF format (2.2 MB), or read selected articles online:Powering towards a green economySouth Africa plans to build a massive $21.8-billion, 5 000 MW solar park in its semi-desert Northern Cape province as part of an aggressive push to grow its highly industrialised economy without increasing its carbon footprint.The everyday beauty of SowetoSouth African photographer Jodi Bieber has a special ability to bring out the beauty in the ordinary, even the disfigured. On the cover of Time magazine she made a mutilated Afghani girl look beautiful, and in her latest book Soweto she makes everyday township life shine.Launchpad to a billion consumersBy offering to acquire Massmart for some $4.2-billion, Wal-Mart has joined the parade of global companies looking to South Africa as a springboard into what is increasingly seen as the world’s last great investment frontier.A trek to the start of timeIt will probe the edges of our universe. It will be a virtual time machine, helping scientists explore the origins of galaxies. It’s the Square Kilometre Array, and South Africans are at the heart of its development.Brewing up a global brandMiller Lite. Tastes great. Less filling. And brought to you by world-beating South African company SABMiller.Looking south and east for growthAs the shift in global economic power gains momentum, South Africa’s trade is moving eastwards and southwards in a pattern that both reflects the worldwide trend and helps drive it, writes John Battersby.More than just a celluloid MandelaThere is a special bond between Hollywood actor Morgan Freeman and the man he played in the Clint Eastwood movie Invictus, South African statesman Nelson Mandela.Africa in the new world orderKgalema Motlanthe, South Africa’s deputy president, looks at how African economies’ resilient performance during the global financial crisis points to the continent’s new place in a changing world.Mining history for new solutionsMark Cutifani, CEO of the multinational AngloGold Ashanti mining company, examines why South Africa’s past is key to successfully doing business here in the future.Turning up the media volumeSince 1990, South Africa has been a noisy place. After decades of apartheid censorship, the lifting of restrictions on the media led to a cacophony of debate. For the first time in centuries, everyone could be heard, and it was sometimes deafening, writes Anton Harber.A joule of an energy-efficient carSouth Africa, which builds BMWs and Mercedes Benzes for the US market, is in the thick of the race to deliver a truly practical – and stylish – electric car. Meet the Joule.South Africa: Time to believeThe forgiving philosophy of “ubuntu” helps explain how South Africa managed to transcend its turbulent apartheid past and create a unified democracy, writes Simon Barber.Finding sound real estate investmentSouth Africa’s post-apartheid transformation and new middle class are fuelling demand for affordable homes. For private equity fund International Housing Solutions, that means opportunity.My normal, crazy, mixed-up countrySouth African hit movie White Wedding is now showing in the US to rave reviews. Jann Turner, who directed and jointly wrote and produced the film, writes about the place that inspired it – South Africa.Bring on the braaiAll South Africans love it – including Nobel peace prize-winning Desmond Tutu – and its rich, smoky smell floats over the country every Sunday. Celebrate the braai with our great recipe for making boerewors, traditional South African farmer’s sausage.last_img read more

West Ohio Agronomy Day

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The evening portion of the 2016 West Ohio Agronomy Day will be held on Tuesday, January 19th at the Days Inn (SR 47 & I-75) in Sidney.  This program will begin at 5:00 p.m. with a light supper and a marketing update from Trupointe and Cargill personnel.  We will be providing Private Pesticide Applicator Recertification credits (Core and Categories 1, 2, and 6) and Fertilizer Applicator Certification Training for those who already hold a Pesticide Applicator’s License (commercial or private).  These trainings will be held from 5:30 p.m. to 11:00 p.m. and will be conducted by OSU Extension personnel.The day-long 2016 West Ohio Agronomy Day will be held on Monday, January 11th at St. Michael’s Hall in Fort Loramie.  A light breakfast will be available starting at 8 a.m. with a marketing update from Trupointe and Cargill at 8:30 a.m.  At 9 a.m. the Private Pesticide Applicator Recertification (Core and Categories 1, 2, and 6) and the Fertilizer Applicator Certification Training for those who already hold a Pesticide Applicator’s License (commercial or private) will begin.  In addition, Certified Crop Advisor CEUs will be available.Once again, Purdue’s Dr. Fred Whitford will be there, this time talking about “Rethinking the Sprayer Cleanout from Start to Finish.”  This year’s line-up will also see Dr. Bob Nielsen from Purdue University talking about “N for Corn:  Right Amount, Right Time, Right Cost” and “Growing That Perfect Corn;” OSU Plant Pathologist Pierce Paul presenting on “Identification and Management of Corn and Wheat Diseases;” and OSU Agricultural Engineer John Fulton talking about “Placement of Fertilizers” and other “Precision Topics.”Farmers who want to recertify their private pesticide applicator’s license can visit http://pested.osu.edu to register online with a credit card or to download the form to pay by check. These forms can also be picked up at any Ohio Extension office.Others who want to attend can register by contacting the Shelby County Extension office at (937) 498.7239 or emailing Debbie Brown at brown.1522@osu.edu by January 4.  Be sure to indicate which program you wish to attend and whether you’re coming for Pesticide Applicator Recertification ($35) or just for the Fun, Food, Fellowship, and Information!! ($10). There is an extra $5 late fee for registering after January 4.last_img read more

Modric, Xavi, Pirlo & the top 20 centre midfielders of all time

first_imgWe chose our list based on a player’s overall quality for both club and country, trophies won, big-game performances, consistency and longevity.We only included players who generally featured and excelled regularly in either a two-man or three-man central midfield. Midfielders who mostly played further up the pitch were not considered.Therefore, the likes of Michel Platini, Zinedine Zidane and Zico were not selected by our writers, Carlo Garganese and Mark Doyle.last_img