Harvard housing sets 2014-15 rents

first_imgHarvard University Housing (HUH) manages approximately 3,000 apartments, offering a broad choice of locations, unit types, amenities, and sizes to meet the individual budgets and housing needs of eligible Harvard affiliates (full-time graduate students, faculty members, or employees). Harvard affiliates may apply for Harvard University Housing online (click on “Apply for Harvard University Housing”). The website also provides information about additional housing options and useful Harvard and community resources for incoming and current affiliates.In accordance with the University’s rent policy, Harvard University Housing charges market rents. To establish the proposed rents for 2014–15, Jayendu Patel of Economic, Financial & Statistical Consulting Services performed and endorsed the results of a regression analysis on three years of market rents for more than 2,050 apartments. The data on apartments included in the analysis were either posted at the Harvard University Housing Office by non-Harvard property owners or were supplied by a real estate appraisal firm or a local brokerage company in order to provide comparable private rental market listings for competing apartment complexes in Cambridge and Boston. The results of this market analysis and of other market research indicate that Harvard University Housing 2014–15 market rents will increase 5 percent, on average across the 3,000-unit portfolio, relative to last year’s rents, although within the portfolio rents on some units have been adjusted up or down based on current market conditions. As always, all revenues generated by HUH in excess of operating expenses and debt service are used to fund capital improvements and renewal of the facilities in HUH’s existing residential portfolio.The proposed new market rents noted in this article have been reviewed and endorsed by the Faculty Advisory Committee on HUH* and will take effect for the 2014-15 leasing season.Proposed 2014–15 continuing rents for Harvard affiliatesMost current HUH tenants who choose to extend their lease for another year will either receive a 4 percent rent increase or will be charged the new market rent for their apartment, whichever rent is lower. Heat, hot water, and electricity are included in all HUH apartment rents; Harvard Internet service and air conditioning are also included, where available.HUH tenants will receive an email from HUH in March 2014 with instructions on how to submit a request to either extend or terminate their current lease. Tenants who would like additional information or help in determining their continuing rental rates for 2014–15 may call the Harvard University Housing Leasing Office at 617.495.1459.Proposed 2014–15 rents for new tenants effective for the 2014-15 leasing seasonThe annual market analysis for proposed 2014–15 rents resulted in a recommendation that average rents for incoming residents across the portfolio increase 5 percent relative to the prior year. Because Harvard’s rent policy is applied on a unit-by-unit basis, market rental rates for some unit types and locations will increase and others will decrease, based on current market conditions.10 Akron Street (all utilities and Harvard Internet service included): studios $1,558–$1,850; one bedroom convertibles $2,044–$2,266.18 Banks/8A Mt. Auburn: (all utilities included): one bedrooms $1,916–$2,192; two bedrooms $2,396–$2,490.Beckwith Circle (all utilities included): three bedrooms $2,268–$2,559; four bedrooms $2,616–$2,918.Botanic Gardens (all utilities and Harvard Internet service included): one bedrooms $1,976–$2,086; two bedrooms $2,420–$2,558; three bedrooms $2,916–$3,114.472–474 Broadway (all utilities included): one bedrooms $1,916–$1,974.5 Cowperthwaite Street (all utilities and Harvard Internet service included): studios $1,628–$1,868; one bedrooms $2,006–$2,022; one bedroom convertibles $2,078–$2,232; two bedrooms $2,384–$2,642.27 Everett Street (all utilities included): one bedrooms $2,088–$2,256; three bedrooms $3,141–$3,321.29 Garden Street (all utilities and Harvard Internet service included): studios $1,538–$1,676; one bedroom convertibles $2,004–$2,186; two bedroom efficiencies $2,252–$2,516; two bedrooms $2,528–$2,594; three bedrooms $3,057–$3,273.Harvard @ Trilogy (all utilities and Harvard Internet included): studios $1,760–$1,932; one bedroom convertibles $2,386–$2,548; two bedroom efficiencies $2,724–$3,052.Haskins Hall (all utilities included): studios $1,576–$1,682; one bedrooms $1,822–$1,998. Holden Green (all utilities included): one bedrooms $1,680–$1,962; two bedrooms $2,038–$2,288; three bedrooms $2,574–$2,925.2 Holyoke Street (all utilities included): one bedrooms $1,920–$2,010.Kirkland Court (all utilities included): one bedrooms $1,820–$2,106; two bedrooms $2,398–$2,622; three bedrooms $3,141–$3,246.Peabody Terrace (all utilities and Harvard Internet included): studios $1,414–$1,812; one bedrooms $1,758–$2,086; two bedrooms $2,108–$2,484; three bedrooms $2,877–$3,114.16 Prescott Street (all utilities included): studios $1,582–$1,626; one bedrooms $1,884–$1,980.18 Prescott Street (all utilities included): studios $1,482–$1,534; one bedrooms $1,828–$1,994.85–95 Prescott Street (all utilities included): studios $1,584–$1,762; one bedrooms $1,902–$2,162; two bedrooms $2,330.Shaler Lane: (all utilities included): one bedrooms $1,878–$1,992; two bedrooms $2,344–$2,542.Soldiers Field Park (all utilities and Harvard Internet included): studios $1,686–$1,840; one bedrooms $1,986–$2,176; two bedrooms $2,422–$2,780; three bedrooms $2,781–$3,306.Terry Terrace (all utilities and Harvard Internet included): studios $1,660–$1,720; one bedrooms $1,944–$2,096; two bedrooms $2,400–$2,468.9–13A Ware Street (all utilities included): studios $1,594–$1,678; one bedrooms $1,892–$2,068; two bedrooms $2,380–$2,390.19 Ware Street (all utilities included): two bedrooms $2,780–$2,882; three bedrooms $3,117.One Western Avenue (all utilities and Harvard Internet included): studios $1,718–$1,914; one bedrooms $1,938–$2,218; two bedrooms $2,390–$2,760; three bedrooms $2,979–$3,336.Wood Frame Buildings (all utilities included): studios $1,148–$1,578; one bedrooms $1,690–$2,358; two bedrooms $2,092–$3,114; three bedrooms $2,472–$3,489; four bedrooms $3,628.Written comments on the proposed rents may be sent to the Faculty Advisory Committee on Harvard University Housing, c/o Harvard University Housing, 1350 Massachusetts Ave. — Smith Campus Center 827 (formerly Holyoke Center), Cambridge, MA 02138. Comments to the committee may also be sent via email to [email protected] Any written comments should be submitted to either of the above addresses by Feb. 14, 2014.The comments received will be reviewed by the Faculty Advisory Committee, which includes: David Carrasco, Neil L. Rudenstine Professor for the Study of Latin America in the Faculty of Divinity and the Faculty of Arts and Sciences; William Hogan, Raymond Plank Professor of Global Energy Policy, Harvard Kennedy School; Howell Jackson, James S. Reid Jr. Professor of Law, Harvard Law School; Jerold S. Kayden, Frank Backus Williams Professor of Urban Planning and Design, Graduate School of Design; Daniel P. Schrag, Sturgis Hooper Professor of Geology and Professor of Environmental Science and Engineering, Faculty of Arts and Sciences; and John Macomber, Gloria A. Dauten Real Estate Fellow, Senior Lecturer, Harvard Business School.*The rents for residents of Harvard University Housing are set at prevailing market rates, in keeping with the University’s affiliated housing rent policy. This policy was established in 1983 by President Derek Bok based on recommendations by Professor Archibald Cox and the Committee on Affiliated Housing. The original faculty committee determined that market rate pricing was the fairest method of allocating apartments and that setting rents for Harvard University Housing below market rate would be a form of financial aid, which should be determined by each individual School, not via the rent setting process. Additionally, the cost of housing should be considered when financial aid is determined.last_img read more

Amid the Old Burying Ground

first_imgCambridge’s settlement-era Old Burying Ground is filled with the bones — and perhaps the spirits — of dead presidents, professors, and people from all walks of life. The cemetery is inexorably intertwined with the early years of Harvard College, or, in the language of 1636, the Colledge at Newtowne.Over the centuries, the cemetery became the final resting place for some of the most important and recognizable figures in Harvard’s early history: Henry Dunster, John Leverett, Benjamin Wadsworth, Edward Holyoke, Edward Wigglesworth, and Nathaniel Appleton. Other family names — Allston, Brattle, Craigie, Davis, Hancock, Porter, and Tufts — are familiar today not only as historical figures but as monikers that eventually came to adorn iconic locations and institutions in and around modern Cambridge, Somerville, and Boston.Executive Director of the Cambridge Historical Commission Charles Sullivan (pictured) tours the Old Burial Ground in Harvard Square where many notable Harvard figures are buried. Photos by Stephanie Mitchell/Harvard Staff PhotographerThe Old Burying Ground was opened in 1636 at the edge of Cambridge Common. Located at the intersection of today’s Massachusetts Avenue and Garden Street, it received its first residents only five years after the establishment of Newtowne, which was renamed Cambridge in 1638. For nearly 200 years, it interred the settlement’s dead.By the early 1800s, the cemetery ceased to accept regular burials, with the general exception of descendants of those already interred. Today, many of the 1,218 known graves are still visible among the grass, trees, and shrubs that dot the two-acre site, their weathered headstones tilting toward the sky. But it is likely that hundreds more were buried there, since spaces were continuously reused during the colonial era.Each day, hundreds of Harvard faculty and students stroll past the Old Burying Ground, unaware of its significance.1630s CambridgeColonial Newtowne took root and blossomed on the edge of European settlement, bordered on one side by the Charles River — a source of safety, supplies, and transportation — and on the other three by untamed country. A mere 10 years separated the arrival of the Mayflower passengers at Plymouth and the founding of Cambridge.“It was a wilderness,” said Charles Sullivan, executive director of the Cambridge Historical Commission for the past four decades, as well as a 1970 graduate of the Harvard Graduate School of Design. “This was the frontier.”Though the surrounding region was wild, the new residents quickly began to arrange the land they controlled to serve different functions, from housing and agriculture to burials.What was to become Harvard Yard was, famously, then only one part of a large cow pasture that stretched from today’s Cambridge Common west and south until it met the river.The Old Burying Ground was opened in 1636 at the edge of Cambridge Common. A detail from one of the headstones.“The center of the village was where Winthrop Park is,” Sullivan said, referring to the swath of grass and trees, flanked on one side by Peet’s Coffee and Grendel’s Den, where JFK and Mount Auburn streets intersect. “There was never a lot of crop agriculture here. It was mostly cattle. That’s why the Yard is the Yard: It was a cow yard.”“Anyone who has seen stockyards can imagine what Harvard Yard looked (and smelt) like before the College was founded,” wrote the most important chronicler of its early history, Harvard Professor Samuel Eliot Morison, in his 1935 volume “The Founding of Harvard College.” Morison’s research is the basis of much of what is now known about that era of Harvard’s history. In 2009, then-Hollis Professor of Divinity Harvey Cox recalled Cambridge’s bovine beginnings by taking up his legendary right to graze a cow on Harvard Yard.Watch-house Hill — from which early residents kept an eye out for fires and other dangers to the fledgling community — stood near the site of today’s Lehman Hall, across from the primary entrance to the MBTA and Out of Town News. A small creek trickled out of the Yard near today’s replica water pump and flowed down toward the river. The Charles River estuary was much wider than it is today, with most of the area south of today’s Malkin Athletic Center — including the river Houses and Memorial Drive — just tidal marshland. Today’s Dunster Street was then known as Water Street, and dead-ended at a ferry landing where villagers could cross to Boston.In 1635, Harvard College consisted of one building, a house previously owned by William Peyntree, situated in the middle of modern Massachusetts Avenue (then Braintree Street), just outside Holyoke Gate. Its subterranean foundations were discovered by workers extending the MBTA’s Red Line. To the north, east, and west of Harvard Yard was wilderness. While most Indians had either fled or died of European diseases, Sullivan said, early residents still had to contend with the untamed areas around them.Establishing a place to bury the dead was an early priority for the settlers.“You’re going to have to deal with people who die, which was a real significant part of life at that time in a much more prominent way than we think of it,” said Stephen Shoemaker, lecturer on the study of religion at the Harvard Divinity School.As ancient as it is, the Old Burying Ground is actually Cambridge’s second cemetery.“The first cemetery was outside the original village — along today’s Brattle Street, near Longfellow Park — but it was being disturbed by wolves so they moved it here about five years after settlement,” Sullivan said. No trace has been found.The new cemetery was just inside the Common Pales, a fence or barrier that separated the town from the wilderness beyond.“The theory was that wolves wouldn’t cross a man-made boundary, no matter how notional or marginal it was,” Sullivan said, describing the barrier as perhaps a ditch or stacks of brush. “I don’t think that’s true, but they thought it was.”A working cemetery was of particular importance to the new College.“Early on it was thought that ‘we need a place to put the students who die while they are here term-time,’ because smallpox would come through and large numbers of people would disappear during an epidemic,” said Shoemaker.The first currently identifiable grave is that of Ann Erinton, who died in 1653 at age 77, nearly two decades after the first burials occurred. By then, however, it is likely that scores of early colonists had been interred there. Indeed, records include the names of approximately 100 Cambridge residents who died between 1638 and 1653, most of whom presumably would have been laid to rest in the Old Burying Ground.“They weren’t putting up stone markers until the very beginning [of the] 18th century,” Sullivan noted. “Once stone slabs became commonplace, we think some of the earliest markers were [from] descendants who erected stones to their ancestors, which is why we have stones dated from earlier years.”The stones often carried the telltale memento mori, images of death designed to remind the living of their own mortality.“The Puritans were trying to frighten people with images of death,” Sullivan said. “Even when you’re alive, you’re close to death. Here is death staring you in the face. So, straighten up and fly right.”Much of the site’s history would have been lost but for the efforts of William Thaddeus Harris, a graduate of Harvard College with an interest in local history.The presidents and professorsThe tombs of seven presidents of Harvard College — including three of the first four — are still visible in the Old Burying Ground. Their graves are adjacent to the First Parish Church, and to the backs of such Church Street operations as the Christian Science Reading Room and the pizza restaurant Cambridge, 1.“Most of the Harvard presidents rest in the main body of the cemetery,” said Sullivan. “There is a plot that Harvard owns and maintains. It was established because Harvard students and some faculty were dying far from home and transportation was difficult. They wanted a sure place to have them buried here.”Henry Dunster was both Harvard’s first president and the first to be buried in Cambridge. Born in England, he was invited to lead the fledging institution after its first master, Nathaniel Eaton, was dismissed for allegedly mistreating students.“After the abuses of Nathanial Eaton, Harvard actually closed for a year,” said Shoemaker. “They reopened the doors to Harvard with Dunster in charge.”It was Dunster who truly established the College, erecting its first building near modern Grays Hall and securing in 1650 the charter that still governs the University.“He really saved the institution,” Shoemaker said.Dunster also owned the triangular lot at the intersection of modern JFK and Elliot streets, currently occupied by the Curious George Store, over which an inscription in the window advertises the legal services of Dewey, Cheetham, & Howe (say it out loud to get the joke), the fictional firm made famous by NPR’s “Car Talk” brothers, Tom and Ray Magliozzi.But like Eaton, Dunster eventually left Harvard under a cloud after he refused to have his infant son baptized, believing that the practice was only appropriate for adults. After falling out with Massachusetts’ Puritan (and pro-infant baptism) leaders, and annoyed by what he considered inordinate levels of interference by the Board of Overseers, he resigned in 1654 and was replaced by Charles Chauncy, who founded the Indian College and who was eventually interred within feet of his predecessor.Today, a nondescript gray table tomb marks the supposed location of Dunster’s remains. The inscriptions on the top of the stone face have worn away, but a freshly placed metal plaque on one side declares: HENRY DUNSTER 1609-1659 FIRST PRESIDENT OF HARVARD COLLEGE 1640-1654 IN CHRISTI GLORIUM.The location was identified in the 19th century, when antiquarians opened several tombs and “decided that one skeleton wrapped in a tarpaulin in a coffin stuffed with tansy (an aromatic native plant used to conceal the smell of decomposition) was Dunster’s and ordered a monument for him. John Langdon Sibley, who recorded the exhumations in his ‘Private Journal,’ was skeptical,” Susan Maycock and Charles Sullivan note in “Building Old Cambridge: Architecture and Development.”In addition to Dunster and Chauncy, the tombs of Harvard Presidents Urian Oakes, John Leverett, Benjamin Wadsworth, Joseph Willard, and Edward Holyoke can be found nearby.“If any man wishes to be humbled and mortified, let him become President of Harvard College,” Harvard President Edward Holyoke was quoted as saying. The tombstone of Holyoke’s wife is shown.Harvard’s first secular president, Leverett oversaw the establishment of the first endowed chair and the construction of Massachusetts Hall, the University’s oldest existing building. Wadsworth, the College’s eighth president, is principally remembered today as the first resident of the House that bears his name, which served as the president’s residence for more than a century and now houses faculty and administrative offices.After nearly 32 years in office, Holyoke — after whom Holyoke Gate, Holyoke Street, and, formerly, Holyoke Center (now the Richard A. and Susan F. Smith Campus Center) were named — famously said: “If any man wishes to be humbled and mortified, let him become President of Harvard College.”Presidents’ familiesDespite the presence of these luminaries, the Old Burying Ground was at the time the only known repository for Cantabrigians’ remains. As in most cemeteries, Harvard’s presidents and other community leaders were surrounded by the remains of their family members, either in individual graves or in subterranean family vaults.“A lot of these table tombs conceal a flight of steps and a vault underground,” Sullivan explained. “Inside, there are shelves on either side” where the remains were placed.Unlike epitaphs on the presidents’ tombs, which were uniformly inscribed in Latin, their relatives and other commoners often settled for English. A poem carved onto the grave of Chauncy’s wife, Catherine, ended with a warning to future generations of Harvard students, faculty, and staff.Pale ghastly death hath sent his shaftAnd hath by Chance nigh broke our heartDeaths volleys sound, sad stormes appeare,Morning draws on: Poore Harverd feare,Least this sad stroke should be a signeOf suddeine future death to thine.On their deaths, prominent faculty members joined presidents and commoners in the Old Burying Ground. Wigglesworth, the first holder of the oldest endowed chair in the United States, the Hollis Professor of Divinity, was interred near the remains of his daughter Sibeyll and his second wife, Rebecca, both of whom predeceased him. His second daughter, Mary, was buried alongside them in 1758. His first son, also named Edward, became the second holder of the prestigious chair, recently held by Cox and now held by Karen Leigh King.Broken gravestones, lost epitaphs Regular interments in the Old Burying Ground ceased in 1811, when a new cemetery was established in Cambridgeport. By the mid-19th century, the Burying Ground had become a relic. Many gravestones had disappeared, and many others had been rendered illegible by the ravages of time, neglect, and vandalism.Much of the site’s history would have been lost but for the efforts of William Thaddeus Harris, a graduate of Harvard College with an interest in local history. Harris, a virtual paraplegic due to a curvature in his spine, according to Sullivan, decided to record for posterity every epitaph before they too disappeared. His book, “Epitaphs from the Old Burying-Ground in Cambridge, With Notes,” published in 1845, includes information about scores of gravestones whose inscriptions have since gone missing or become unreadable.Harris noted how the cemetery had fallen into disrepair.“It is rather surprising, that, in this age of improvement, Cambridge should fall behind her neighbours, and suffer her ancient grave-yard to lie neglected,” he wrote. “Many of the tombs are without the names of the owners; many of the grave-stones have been broken, and more are broken every year; brambles abound instead of shrubbery; and what might be a beautiful cemetery is converted into a common passage-way.“Unfitting is it, indeed, that the sod beneath which rest the ashes of a Shepard, a Dunster, and a Michel, should be rioted over by every vagrant schoolboy,” he wrote, presumably referring to Harvard undergraduates.Pictured here is a tombstone with the name Wadsworth. Benjamin Wadsworth was the College’s eighth president.African-Americans in colonial CambridgeThe Old Burying Ground also serves as reminder that despite the anti-slavery attitudes of many (but not all) of their 19th-century descendants, people in 17th-century Massachusetts were deeply involved with the enslavement of Africans. Presidents such as Increase Mather and Wadsworth are known to have owned slaves. It is in Wadsworth’s house, today situated next to Holyoke Gate along Massachusetts Avenue, where his several slaves likely lived and worked.It is also likely that slavery existed at the College’s outset, according to the study “Harvard and Slavery: Seeking a Forgotten History” authored by Laird Bell Professor of History Sven Beckert, Katherine Stevens, and the students of the Harvard and Slavery Research Seminar.“In 1639 the wife of Harvard’s first schoolmaster, Nathaniel Eaton, confessed to a committee that her husband had mismanaged the college,” they write. “Among the offenses of his tenure was the time a person she called ‘the Moor’ slept in student Samuel Hough’s ‘sheet and pillow-bier.’ She also admitted that students complained about having to eat the same food as ‘the Moor.’ Drawn from the Spanish name for North Africans, ‘Moor’ was a common term for African slaves.”Enslaved men and women played key roles in the early years of Cambridge and Harvard. “In daily, uncountable, and often unnoticed ways, these slaves supported life and learning on Harvard’s campus,” they conclude.Two headstones in the Old Burying Ground testify to the presence of enslaved women. The first, a small slate stone, curved at the top and adorned with a skull and wings, reads: “Here lyes the body of Cicely, Negro, late Servant to the Reverend Minister William Brattle; she died April 8. 1714. Being 15 years old.”Brattle was a 1680 graduate of the College who, alongside the future President Leverett, took an active teaching and leadership role at Harvard while then-President Mather was in England for several years. Today’s Brattle House, Brattle Street, and Brattleboro, Vt., are named for his son, General William Brattle.By contrast, we know nothing of Cicely’s young life, other than what we can assume. The Rev. Brattle died in 1717 and, like Cicely, was laid to rest in the Old Burying Ground. Unequal in life, they achieved equality in death.A similar gravestone reads: “Jane a Negro Servant. to Andrew Bordman Esquire Died 1740/1 Aged 22 years & 3 Months.”The Bordmans had long and deep connections to Harvard and Cambridge. Two adult Andrew Bordmans were alive in 1740. Andrew Bordman II (1670-1747) served as Harvard steward from 1703 to 1747. Much like today’s Office of Student Life, the steward managed residential operations, purchasing supplies, and supervising staff. His son, Andrew Bordman III (1701-1769), graduated from the College in 1719 and also served as Harvard steward from 1747 to 1750. Both were prominent members of the community, each serving as town clerk and town treasurer.Cicely and Jane’s graves are solid evidence that slavery existed, and even thrived among the highest echelons of Cambridge society, until after the American Revolution. Harvard’s connections to slavery weren’t fully severed until the American Civil War.A precarious existenceLife in the 17th century, particularly amid frontier conditions, was precarious. Graveyard epitaphs speak to the lives and deaths of hundreds of Cambridge residents, old and young. But perhaps the most moving today are those dedicated to children.Indeed, child mortality — like death generally — was heartbreakingly commonplace in colonial Cambridge, even among the families of Harvard’s presidents and faculty, who would have had access to the best nutrition and medical care available.“Childhood mortality was a significant component of family life,” Shoemaker said. “You would assume that only a percentage of the family was going to survive, and it wasn’t anything close to 100 percent.”The family of John Leverett represents but one example: “Here lyes inter’d two infant children of the Reverend Minister John & Mrs. Margaret Leverett. John Leverett, born 21st June and Died the 4th of July Anno Dom. 1711. Anne Leverett Born 5th July, and Died the 30th. of the same month Anno Dom. 1708.”The deaths in their infancy of these two children came only years after that of their older sister Margaret, who died in 1702. Leverett’s fourth child, also named Margaret, died in 1716. All were interred in the cemetery. Two daughters who survived him — Sarah Leverett Wigglesworth and Mary Leverett Rogers — are buried nearby. A tablet marking the resting place of his wife, Margaret, daughter of Harvard’s fifth president, John Rogers, can still be seen today on the side of Leverett’s tomb.The Puritans altered their theological approach to death to make it possible to believe that children who died young could be saved. According to Shoemaker, in order to become a full member of the church and thereby gain entry to heaven, an individual needed to have conversion experience. Children, especially infants, lacked that opportunity, and were therefore threatened with eternal damnation.The tombstone for Urian Oakes remains intact. “A lot of these table tombs conceal a flight of steps and a vault underground,” said Charles Sullivan. “Inside, there are shelves on either side” where the remains were placed.“They couldn’t have a theological system that was telling these people that your child was burning in hell. They designed a formula to allow grace to extend to those who hadn’t reached that point,” said Shoemaker.Noting that New England’s population grew rapidly during and after the period, Joyce Chaplin, the James Duncan Phillips Professor of Early American History, cautioned that the rate of childhood deaths, or even deaths among settlers generally, should be considered in context.“New England would become famous for its rapid rate of increase. In the settler population, births vastly outnumber deaths,” Chaplin said. “This is in contrast to the steep decline of native American populations. Indian graveyards are not as carefully memorialized, which gives a misleading sense of who matters historically.”The last two centuriesFor the Old Burying Ground, the last two centuries represented a slow retreat from relevance. As Mount Auburn Cemetery became the third burial site in Cambridge, new interments slowed. Among the last were 19 bodies identified as Revolutionary War soldiers — including two slaves — who had died fighting the British at the Battle of Bunker Hill. The Cambridge Common had been a staging area for militiamen who had traveled to Boston from across the region after the first shots were fired at Lexington and Concord. Much larger at the time, the Common was ideal for a makeshift army camp.Buried in haste, the soldiers’ graves remained unmarked until Eben Horsford, baking powder magnate and Rumford Professor and Lecturer on the Application of Science to the Useful Arts, decided to locate them.“He dug … up some remains that he imagined without any real evidence must have been Minutemen,” Sullivan recounted. “That’s why the monument was placed in that section of the cemetery.”The grass above the graves was often tended by sheep, as grazing rights were regularly bid out in exchange for pay or services.Two headstones in the Old Burying Ground testify to the presence of enslaved women. The first, a small slate stone, curved at the top and adorned with a skull and wings, reads: “Here lyes the body of Cicely, Negro, late Servant to the Reverend Minister William Brattle; she died April 8. 1714. Being 15 years old.”In the 1930s, a commission including Morison and Harvard President James Conant re-landscaped the Old Burying Ground, rescuing it from oblivion and giving it its current appearance. The work was funded by Depression-era federal grants designed to create jobs and lift the economy.The last known burials in the cemetery were of the Rev. Samuel McChord Crothers in 1927 and, more than half a century later, Gardiner Day, the minister of Christ Church. Day’s marker can be seen underfoot just inside the gate that leads to Christ Church.While disused as a cemetery, the Old Burying Ground still gets new — or returning — additions from time to time.“People will call us up and say: ‘I have this friend who has this gravestone. He doesn’t know why he has it. But he wants to give it back to you.’” Sullivan said, referring to the Cambridge Historical Commission. “Not him, of course. His friend,” he added with a wry smile. “It’s one of the weird things about living in a college town. People get crazy and want to take a souvenir.”last_img read more

Shumlin calls for incentives to promote clean-burning, energy efficient wood heat

first_imgIn a move to support local businesses and reduce Vermont’s reliance on foreign oil, Governor Peter Shumlin today called for incentives to promote clean-burning, energy efficient wood heat.Governor Shumlin called on Efficiency Vermont and the state Department of Public Service to create an incentive program to assist Vermonters who choose to switch from oil heat to wood pellet options, and to ensure that plan becomes part of the comprehensive energy plan due from the DPS this fall.‘This makes sense for Vermont’s economy; it makes sense for Vermont’s environment; and it makes sense for Vermonters’ pocketbooks,’ the Governor said at a morning news conference at the State House.Governor Shumlin said the reasons for switching to clean-burning wood pellet heating systems include:· Reducing Vermont’s dependence on foreign oil;· Providing  cleaner alternative to petroleum;· Promoting the use of a local, abundant energy resource that can be sustainably harvested;· Creating local jobs and supporting the local economy (Sunwood Systems in Waitsfield and Pellergy in Barre are examples of local companies that provide jobs linked to wood heating options, for example).‘This would be a good use of local wood and pellets, and a strong integration of our energy goals with our economic interests,’ Governor Shumlin said.Soruce: Governor’s office. 3.29.2011last_img read more

Chile: Bielsa Sends Jersey To Former Soccer Player Trapped In Mine

first_imgBy Dialogo August 27, 2010 The coach of the Chilean national soccer team, the Argentine Marcelo Bielsa, sent a jersey signed by him and by the team’s stars to former soccer player Franklin Lobos, one of the thirty-three miners trapped in the San José mine, his daughter told AFP. Carolina Lobos, daughter of the former local league player, who was briefly on the national team, said that members of the Soccer Players’ Union arranged for him to receive a jersey signed by Bielsa, goalkeeper Claudio Bravo, and midfielders Matías Fernández, Jorge Valdivia, and Carlos Carmona, among others. “My dad is going to be happy that Bielsa sent him the jersey. He has a great deal of respect for Bielsa as a coach and for everything that he’s done for the team,” Carolina commented to AFP. The jersey, according to her account, will be sent to her father inside the mine, where he has been trapped seven hundred meters underground, together with thirty-two comrades, since 5 August. It was only on Sunday, after seventeen days without contact, that communication with the group of miners was achieved through a small borehole. Liquid food has been sent to them through this route, and it is expected that they will also receive rolled-up clothing in the next few hours. Franklin Lobos, fifty-five years old, was on the same team as Iván Zamorano in the local league and had only been working at the San José mine for three months, as a driver.last_img read more

Gilbertsville-Mount Upton School hosts dairy give away

first_imgThis giveaway is available to anyone who would like to pick up the products. The event runs from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. and it will be held at 693 State Highway 51 in Gilbertsville. GILBERTSVILLE (WBNG)- The Gilbertsville-Mount Upton Central School District has announced that on Wednesday they will be giving away dairy products. The event is being put together by the school’s principal Heather Wilcox and Cafeteria Supervisor Susan Selbeck. They also said that there will be a drive-through distribution process to ensure everyone stays safe and healthy and that people are to stay in their vehicles until they receive their products. In a Facebook post they said, they will be giving away free gallons of milk, yogurt, cheese, ice cream and eggs while supplies last. “We are extremely grateful for the donations from our local dairy farmers and dairy processors to help support families in our school district,” “These are challenging times for all of us and our school district wants to do everything possible to help students and families during this time.” They said that Dairy Farmers of America Inc. teamed up with companies such as Dean Foods Company, the American Dairy Association North East, Chobani, Cabot Creamery Co-operative, Hershey’s and Huff to donate these items to the community. In a statement by the school’s principal Heather Wilcox she says,last_img read more

Egypt reports 13th avian flu death plus new case

first_imgFeb 16, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – The World Health Organization (WHO) today confirmed a fatal H5N1 avian influenza case in a 37-year-old woman in Egypt, as the country’s health ministry announced that a 5-year-old boy had tested positive for the virus.Egyptian officials announced the case in the woman, from Fayyoum governorate about 60 miles south of Cairo, 2 days ago. The WHO, in a statement yesterday confirming her illness as the country’s 21st case, said she was hospitalized Feb 12 and had helped slaughter and defeather sick birds a week before she became ill. She is the 13th Egyptian to die of the virus and the third in 2007.Meanwhile, Egypt’s health ministry said the boy, from Sharqiya governorate, about 60 miles northeast of Cairo, tested positive for H5N1 after experiencing a high fever 2 days ago, Reuters reported today. The ministry said he was in stable condition and undergoing treatment.WHO confirmation of the boy’s case would increase the agency’s case count for Egypt to 22.John Jabbour, a WHO representative in Cairo, told Reuters that a delay in reporting symptoms is contributing to a high fatality rate in Egypt. He said many people keep birds at their homes but hesitate to disclose that to health officials because they fear sanctions.In other avian flu news, agriculture officials in Laos on Feb 13 reported two H5N1 outbreaks in poultry, according to a report today in the Vientiane Times. The outbreaks reportedly occurred in two Vientiane prefecture villages, one on a duck farm in Phonpapao-thong and one among backyard ducks in Dongsavath.Health officials held an emergency meeting yesterday to discuss how to handle the outbreak, the Times reported. They have already restricted poultry movement in the affected areas and surveyed 83,000 people in 50 villages near the area for suspicious symptoms, the Times report said. Authorities also plan to cull ducks at the two outbreak locations.The last poultry outbreak in Laos occurred in July 2006, when the H5N1 virus killed 2,500 chickens on a farm just south of Vientiane near the Thai border. It was the first major H5N1 outbreak in the country since 2004. No human cases or deaths have been reported.Officials in Turkey, in a report submitted to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) 3 days ago, announced H5N1 outbreaks in two more villages, one in Batman province, where the first outbreak of the 2007 season was reported recently, and one in Diyarbakir province. All are in southeast Turkey, about 460 miles from Ankara.Turkish officials suspect that the disease has spread to poultry in two more villages in Diyarbakir but are awaiting test results, Reuters reported today. The two villages were quarantined, and 340 birds were destroyed, the report said. There have been no WHO-confirmed human cases in Turkey in 2007.See also:Feb 16 WHO statementFeb 15 WHO statementNov 22, 2006, FAO avian flu bulletin with chart of H5N1 outbreaks by countryhttp://www.fao.org/docs/eims/upload/217700/aidenews_nov06_no44.pdfOIE reports on Turkish outbreakhttp://www.oie.int/downld/AVIAN%20INFLUENZA/A2007_AI.phplast_img read more

Joint venture powers up to spark off Lots Road scheme

first_imgTo access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week. Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletterslast_img

Inner City

first_imgWould you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletters To access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week.last_img

Real Madrid star Marcelo applauds Bayern Munich defender

first_img Loading… He was a constant thorn in Barcelona’s side in Lisbon, including a sensational run and assist for Bayern’s fifth goal, scored by German international Joshua Kimmich.Marcelo posted on Instagram during the game that Davies ‘brought joy to his eyes when he saw him play’.Read Also: BREAKING: Man City crash out of UCL as Dembele strikesThe result moves Bayern Munich into their first Champions League semi-final since 2018, where they lost to the eventual winners of Zinedine Zidane’s Real Madrid.Flick’s side will now face Ligue 1 club Lyon in the last four at the Estadio Jose Alvalade on August 19, after Rudi Garcia’s side knocked out Pep Guardiola’s Manchester City with a 3-1 win.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Real Madrid defender Marcelo has applauded Bayern Munich star Alphonso Davies after his outstanding display in the Bavarians 8-2 Champions League quarter final win over Barcelona on Friday night. The Canadian international has played a key role for Hans-Dieter Flick’s side during their domestic double winning campaign in 2019-20.Advertisementcenter_img Promoted ContentPortuguese Street Artist Creates Hyper-Realistic 3D GraffitiWhich Country Is The Most Romantic In The World?The Highest Paid Football Players In The World2020 Tattoo Trends: Here’s What You’ll See This Year8 Most Expensive Mistakes In History6 Interesting Ways To Make Money With A DroneThe Very Last Bitcoin Will Be Mined Around 2140. Read MoreA Hurricane Can Be As Powerful As 10 Atomic BombsBest & Worst Celebrity Endorsed Games Ever MadeThis Guy Photoshopped Himself Into Celeb Pics And It’s Hysterical9 Facts You Should Know Before Getting A Tattoo10 Risky Jobs Some Women Dolast_img read more

Offense fumbles chance to dominate

first_imgView Gallery (4 Photos)A year ago, it would have been considered a compliment to compare Wisconsin quarterback Scott Tolzien to the University of Florida’s signal caller. In 2010, that comparison evokes more fumbles than touchdown runs.Although Tolzien didn’t quite match UF’s John Brantley’s butterfingered performance from week one, UW’s fifth-year senior fumbled three times against San Jose State. The Badgers recovered all three of Tolzien’s fumbles, but they proved to be drive-killers. Especially damaging was the second-quarter miscue at the SJSU 4-yard line, where the Badgers turned the ball over on downs.“That’s on me, I’ve got to make sure it doesn’t happen again,” Tolzien said.UW lost two turnovers on the day, the first coming on the Badgers’ second drive. Freshman running back James White tried to stretch the ball into the end zone and lost a fumble out the back, resulting in a touchback.“I got so excited, and then all the excitement went away that fast,” White said. “You take the slow walk to the sideline because you know you did wrong. But I’ll get it corrected by next week.”Although UW went into the locker room at halftime up 17-0, the score likely could have been 31-0 had the offense not turned the ball over in the red zone twice. It was a stark contrast to the unit that led the Big Ten in red zone scoring percentage last season.“We feel that when we get in the red zone, we can’t be stopped,” running back John Clay said. “The only person that was killing [us] was ourselves.”Tolzien’s one interception of the game came on a deep pass down the middle to Isaac Anderson. The ball was overthrown and Anderson fell, leaving him unable to contest SJSU cornerback Peyton Thompson, who picked the ball and returned it 33 yards.The issues with ball security come on the heels of a game against UNLV where UW’s two turnovers turned into Rebel touchdowns.The turnovers weren’t the only similarity to last week. In both games, Wisconsin looked unstoppable in its first drive, only to see the success much harder to come by in subsequent drives. The Badgers went 77 yards in their first scoring drive, which was capped with a short touchdown run by Clay. White’s fumble ended the next drive and the third drive was a three-and-out. According to senior captain John Moffitt, there was a distinct difference between UW’s first drives as compared to the rest.“You know, we finished that drive,” he said. “We kept the critical errors low, the missed assignments low.”While the Badgers were able to survive their sometimes sloppy performance on offense against two teams that went a combined 7-17 in 2009, they may be hard pressed to do the same once Big Ten play starts.Abbrederis shinesA year ago, freshman receiver Jared Abbrederis was running the scout team offense in preparation for Wofford’s wingbone offense. Against the Spartans Saturday, the redshirt freshman was the Badgers’ leading pass catcher, hauling in a team-high five catches.With No. 1 receiver Nick Toon out with a foot injury, Abbrederis was called on to fill a bigger role in just his second career game. Running plays with the No. 1 offense wasn’t anything new for the freshman, though.“During practice, the coaches put us in those positions, just in case something happens,” Abbrederis said. “I was really excited when I got the opportunity to get out there; last week I got some playing time, but today, when [David] Gilreath went down, I really had to step up.”The Wautoma native responded in a big way, with three of his five catches going for first downs. Abbrederis also was used as a decoy in some fake end-arounds.“Anybody that was in fall camp, they saw a guy that can make plays,” UW head coach Bret Bielema said. “I thought he did a really nice job securing some catches today.”Gilreath demolishedThe scariest moment of the game came in the third quarter, when UW return man David Gilreath took a blow to the head while returning a punt. Gilreath elected not to call for a fair catch, then took a low hit before absorbing a helmet-to-helmet hit from SJSU’s Dominique Hunsucker and getting knocked out cold.There was an almost 12-minute delay as the UW staff and his mother came out to check on the senior, who was eventually loaded onto a stretcher and into an ambulance. White and Abbrederis took over kickoff and punt return duties afterward.Bielema said after the game that tests on Gilreath came back negative, though he sustained a concussion. Although it was difficult to see due to the crowd surrounding him, Gilreath came to and was able to move after being unconscious for about a minute. He was discharged the same afternoon.last_img read more